This trouser is from the region Timur, Java. It was worn by men before 1879, and it was made from black woven cotton. It closes with a red ribbon at the top and has a triangle shape in the middle to improve movement.

The other trouser is from Volendam, Noord-Holland. It is called a “pijen broek”. It was worn by men before 1900 and was made from woven cotton. The green string at the back of the trou- sers is a special detail. It is an unwritten colour code which shows that this particular trouser is from Volendam. Sometimes this string can be black, but only when the man has lost somebody special and is in “mourning”. The triangular shape in the middle is called a “klap”. Men only worn this type of trouser to Sunday’s church, on their wedding day or during a Catholic holiday. 

The triangle was a popular shape back in the day. This explains why it can be found in many garments, including these two trousers, as you can see by the shape in the middle. Its use is main- ly practical. It can be worn by people of different sizes, as the shape provides more space and is not just designed for one particular size. It also gives the trouser more volume and allows for more freedom for movement.